1. Gov. William Bradford, son of William Bradford and Alice Hanson. Born on 19 March 1589/90 in Austerfield, Yorkshire, England. Baptized on 19 March 1589/90 in St. Helens Church, Austerfield when newborn. Died on 9 May 1657 in Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, 67 years old. Buried in Burial Hill, Plymouth.
Married first Dorothy May, dau. of Henry May, on 10 Dec. 1613 in Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands when 23 years old (Dorothy was sixteen years old). Dorothy May b. on 19 March 1596/7, of Wisbeach, Cambridgeshire, England; d. on 7 Dec. 1620 in Cape Cod Harbor, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, 23 years old.
Issue of Gov. William Bradford and Dorothy May:
|i.||son John Bradford b. about 1618 in Leyden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands; d. before 21 Sep. 1676 in Norwich, New London County, Connecticut; m. Martha Bourne, dau. of Thomas Bourne and Elizabeth _____, before 1651.|
Married second Alice Carpenter, dau. of Alexander Carpenter, on 14 Aug. 1623 in Plymouth when 33 years old. Alice Carpenter bap. on 3 Aug. 1590 in Wrington, Somerset, England; d. on 26 March 1670 in Plymouth; m. (1) Edward Southworth, son of Thomas Southworth and Jane Mynne, on 28 May 1613 in Leyden (Edward was 22 or 23 years old); issue: Ens. Constant Southworth (1614/51679) and Capt. Thomas Southworth (1616/71669).
Issue of Gov. William Bradford and Alice Carpenter:
|2||ii.||son Lt. Gov. William Bradford b. on 17 June 1624 in Plymouth.|
|iii.||dau. Mercy Bradford b. before May 1627 in Plymouth; d. before 9 May 1657; m. Benjamin Vermayes on 21 Dec. 1648 in Plymouth when at least 21 years old (Benjamin was about 24 years old).|
|iv.||son Joseph Bradford b. in 1630/1 in Plymouth; d. on 10 July 1715 in Plymouth, 84 years old; bur. in Ancient Burial Ground, Plymouth; m. Jael Hobart, dau. of Rev. Peter Hobart and Elizabeth Ilbrook, on 25 May 1664 in Hingham, Plymouth County, Massachusetts when 33 years old; issue: Joseph Bradford (1665), Elisha Bradford (abt. 16691747) and Peter Bradford (1677).|
Notes on Gov. William Bradford:
William1 was born at his fathers house in Austerfield. He was baptized on 19 March 1589/90 by Rev. Henry Fletcher at St. Helens Church in Austerfield. After his fathers death in 1591, William lived with his grandfather till he too died in 1595. A precocious but somewhat sickly orphan, William was then moved on to live with his uncle Robert in Scrooby, a small village in Nottinghamshire five miles from Austerfield and about 150 miles north of London. Although he had limited opportunity to gain a formal education, he taught himself Dutch, French, Latin, Greek and Hebrew (the latter two in order to read the bible in its original form). At his majority he inherited property in Bentley from his grandfathers estate and other property from his fathers estate.
By the time he was twelve years old, William was walking a dozen miles to Rev. Richard Cliftons church every Sunday to attend services. He joined the church and became close friends with William Brewster, which soon led him to become a Separatist from the established Church of England.
The persecution of the Puritans increased over the years and, in 1608, Mr. Cliftons church resolved with joint consent, to remove to Holland, where they heard was freedom of religion for all men. However, they werent allowed to go in peace. The strong arm of the law barred every harbor and vessel against them. In the Spring of 1609 they nevertheless managed to transport themselves to Amsterdam, South Holland, Netherlands, William among them. Seeing the fate there of Mr. John Smiths church, they moved again in 1610 to Leyden in South Holland, one of the most beautiful cities in Europe and the home of a large Protestant university, where they made a permanent settlement and the congregation grew to 300.
William learned fustian (frieze) weaving while in Holland and began the manufacture of corduroy. He returned briefly to England in 1611 to sell his Bentley inheritance which consisted of a house, cottage, garden, orchard and nine and a half acres of land.
William married first Dorothy May on 10 December 1613 in Amsterdam. Their banns were published in Leyden. Unusual for the time, she was quite literate. She was born on 19 March 1596 in Cambridgeshire, daughter of Henry May of Wisbeech, Cambridgeshire. William and Dorothy had a son, John.
By 1617, realizing that staying in Holland would inevitably result in their total absorbtion, the Puritans turned their attention to a possible emigration to America. Robert Cushman and another member of their congregation were sent to London to negotiate for their passage and settlement. They met with disappointment for, although the King would be happy to be rid of them, it would not be without preconditions. Cushman and William Brewster tried again in 1619. This time they succeeded in receiving a patent from the Virginia Company. A joint stock company was formed, a partnership among the emigrants and the capitalists who were to finance themsome 70 men who called themselves The Merchant Adventurers.
In London, Cushman engaged the services of the Speedwell, a rather small ship. Needing additional room, he also contracted for the Mayflower, half again larger at about 180 tons and 90 feet long. The Pilgrims left Holland on 20 July 16202 on the Speedwell to meet with the Mayflower in Southampton, England. On 15 August they set sail for America, William and Dorothy among them. The Speedwell took on so much water that they returned on the 23rd. The Speedwell was repaired and they tried again. More trouble with leaks, and they returned to England a few days later, landing at Plymouth. The Speedwell was dismissed and some of the families (twenty people) had to stay behind. The Mayflower set off again from Plymouth with the remaining 102 people on 6 September, this time successfully, on a voyage of 65 days.
The First Voyagers
More than six hundred years before the arrival of the Mayflower and the ships exploring the Virginia coast, Lief Erickson lived for a year in 10001001 A. D. in the area of Mount Hope Bay at the Seconnet River, near Cape Cod and Nantucket, which area he called Vinland. His younger brother Thorvald returned in the spring of 1002 and passed the winters of 1002, 1003 and 1004. In the spring of 1004 he landed at the entrance of what was to be Plymouth harbor where he was mortally wounded by a natives poison arrow. He was buried on the promontory, perhaps the first permanent resident from Europe of Plymouth and America. His companions left in the spring of 1005 and are not known to have ever returned.
Britannica says that the Mayflower was originally headed for the Hudson River but, due to rough seas and storms, was forced to land at Plymouth. Indeed, the first and second patents issued on 19 June 1619 and 12 February 1620 were granted by the Southern Virginia Company. These were surrendered after the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth, and a new patent was issued on 1 June 1621 by the Northern Virginia Company.
The Mayflower made her last voyage to Massachusetts arriving on 1 July 1630 at Charleston. Built perhaps in 1609, she is said to have been laid to rest in 1636 (or later), broken up and her timbers used in the construction of a barn at Jordans in Buckinghamshire.
They arrived in the new world on 10 November 1620, off Cape Cod, probably near what is now Truro. After an overnight attempt to travel on to the Hudson River, their original destination, they gave up and arrived at Provincetown Harbor the next day. There they agreed to a form of self-government which they recorded in the Mayflower Compact and signed on 11 November 1620. William signed second only to Governor John Carver.
Signed in Ye Cabin of Ye Mayflower
Ye 11 of November
Anno Dominie 1620
In ye name of God, Amen.We whose names are underwritten, the loyall subjects of our dread and soveraigne Lord, King James, by ye grace of God, of Great Britain, France, & Yreland king, defender of ye faith, &c., haveing undertaken for ye glorie of God, and advancemente of ye Christian faith, and honour to our king and countrie, a voyage to plant ye first colonie in ye Northerne parts of Viriginia, doe by these presents solemnly and mutually in ye presense of God, and one of another, covenant and combine ourselves togeather into a civill body politick, for our better ordering & preservation & furtherance of ye ends aforesaid; and by vertue hearof to enacte, constitute, and frame such just & equall lawes, ordinances, Acts, constitutions, & offices from time to time, as shall be thought most meete & convenient for ye generall goode of ye Colonie, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. Yn witness whereof we have hereunder subscribed our names at Cap-Codd ye 11. of November, in ye year of ye raigne of our soveraigne lord, King James, of England, France, & Yreland ye eighteenth, and Scotland ye fiftie fourth, Ano: Dom. 1620.
The women were brought ashore on the 13th to wash the clothes that had remained unwashed during the long voyage. Legend has it that light-hearted Mary Chilton leaped off the dory before it was beached so that she would be the first Englishwoman to set foot in New England.
After several probes of possible sites for settlement during late November and early December in the Mayflowers shallop, a band of the men, William among them, landed at Plymouth on Monday, 11 December. Upon returning to the Mayflower that same day, William was told of a personal tragedy: Dorothy had accidently fallen from the ship on the 7th and drowned.
On Saturday the 16th the Mayflower was brought to Clarks Island, a mile and a half off of Plymouth. A couple of days were spent in exploration of the local sites. Agreement was finally reached on Wednesday the 20th to settle at Plymouth, rather than Clarks Island. (Since Plymouth was the last place from which they left England, the Pilgrims named the new colony New Plymouth.) Temporary shelters were erected on Thurday and, after a storm on Friday, work on the new village was begun in earnest on Saturday the 23rd. They observed the sabbath on Sunday and returned to work on Monday, Christmas Day, in keeping with Puritan beliefs.
The Mayflower stayed in port until the following 5 April when it returned to England. Captain Christopher Jones (after whom the Jones River was named) had needed to wait until the Pilgrims could be assured of their survival and until the remaining half of his crew who had survived the winter recovered their health. Indeed, more than half of the Pilgrims number perished in that first terrible winter in the new world, from December to March, from its privations, hunger and the Great Sickness (a combination of scurvy and respiratory illness). The stone over their grave is inscribed:
This monument marks the first burying ground in Plymouth of the Passengers of the Mayflower. Here, under cover of darkness, the first dwindling Company laid their dead, levelling the earth above them lest the Indians should learn how many were the graves.
It wasnt until the harvest in the fall of 1623 that sufficient food was produced to last the colonists for a full year. But several years of hardship remained.
William married second Alice Carpenter on 14 August 1623 in Plymouth. Alice was baptized on 3 August 1590 in Wrington, Somersetshire, daughter of Alexander Carpenter. Unlike Dorothy, Alice was not able to write.
Alice had a sister Mary Carpenter and another sister Juliana Carpenter (bp. 17 March 1584 St. James Church, Bath, Somersetshire?) who married George Morton on 23 July 1612 in Leyden. George and Juliana arrived at Plymouth on 1720 July 1623 aboard the Little James. Georges brother Thomas Morton I (bp. 1 March 1589?) arrived earlier in Plymouth, aboard the Fortune on 9 November 1621.3
Alice had married first Edward Southworth,4 a say-weaver5 of Leyden, on 28 May 1613 in Leyden. Edward was born in 1590, the son of Thomas Southworth and Jane Mynne of Wells in Somersetshire. Edward and Alice had two sons, Constant and Thomas.
The Southworths and William lived in Heneage House on Dukes Place in London for about a year before the Mayflower sailed, so were probably well acquainted. Edward died by 1621, probably in Leyden, after the Mayflower sailed. Two years later Alice left to join William in the new world.
Alice arrived in Plymouth on the Anne about 10 July 1623 (which had sailed with the Little James but arrived a week earlier) accompanied by Thomas Morton II, the likely son of the Thomas Morton I of the Fortune. Less than a month later she married William. Robert Cushman sent a letter to William with the Anne in which he said: Some few of your friends are come, as &c. So they come droping to you. William and Alices marriage was the fourth to take place in the new Colony, and Alice brought her own property into the marriage. Alice and Edwards son Thomas came over with his mother and Constant came over in 1628,6 and they were brought up in Williams household.
William was elected governor of the Colony in 1621, following the death of Governor Carver. William was reelected governor annually in the periods 162133, 163537, 163944 and 164557. In between he was elected Assistant Governor. He lived in his house at the bottom of Burial Hill in Plymouth and kept a farm in Kingston. He authored many books on history, the best known and one of the few not lost being History of Plymouth Plantations.
William died on Saturday, 9 May 1657 in Plymouth, the richest man in the Colony. He left property worth £400 and a library of 275 volumes. He was buried on Burial Hill. His will exhibited on 3 June 1657 mentions wife Alice; Lt. Thomas Southworth; and sons John, William and Joseph Bradford.
Alice died on Saturday, 26 March 1670, in Plymouth and was buried there the next Tuesday near her husband. Her will dated 29 December 1669 and exhibited 7 June 1670 names her sister Mary Carpenter and sons Constant Southworth, Thomas Southworth (deceased), Joseph Bradford and Capt. William Bradford.
William and Alice had three children.
1 Roser, Mayflower Increasings, 23. Banks, The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers, 3334. Hall, Descendants of Governor William Bradford, xi, 1. Collins, Ancestors of Rejoyce Ballance Collins and Constance Dorothy Van Etten Collins, 7. Lainhart and Wakefield, Mayflower Families through Five Generations, Vol. 22: William Bradford, 12.
2 Dates are given old style.
3 Banks, The Planters of the Commonwealth, 4755.
4 Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of . . . New England, Vol. IV, 1434. Weis, Ancestral Roots, 1314 (line 9).
5 A weaver of say, a cloth of fine texture resembling serge.
6 Banks, The Planters of the Commonwealth, 5455. Constant may have taken the Marmaduke, the White Angel or the Pleasure, all of which arrived at Plymouth that year.
2. Lt. Gov. William Bradford, son of Gov. William Bradford  and Alice Carpenter. Born on 17 June 1624 in Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. Died on 20 Feb. 1703/4 in Plymouth, 79 years old. Buried in Burial Hill, Plymouth.
Married first Alice Richards, dau. of Thomas Richards and Welthian Loring, after 23 April 1650 in Plymouth when at least 25 years old (Alice was at least 22 years old). Alice Richards b. on 16 June 1627 in Pitminster, Somerset, England; bap. on 7 April 1629 in Pitminster when a year old; d. on 12 Dec. 1671 in Plymouth, 44 years old.
Issue of Lt. Gov. William Bradford and Alice Richards:
|i.||son Maj. John Bradford b. on 20 Feb. 1652/3 in Plymouth; d. on 8 Dec. 1736 in Kingston, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, 83 years old; bur. in Old Cemetery, Kingston; m. Mercy Warren, dau. of Joseph Warren (son of Richard Warren) and Priscilla Faunce, on 6 Jan. 1674/5 in Plymouth when 21 years old (Mercy was 21 years old); issue: John Bradford (16751724), Alice Bradford (16771746), Abigail Bradford (16791697), Mercy Bradford (16811738), Samuel Bradford (16831740), Priscilla Bradford (16861733) and William Bradford (16881728).|
|ii.||son Maj. William Bradford b. on 11 March 1654/5 in Plymouth; d. on 5 July 1687 in Plymouth, 32 years old; m. Rebecca Bartlett, dau. of Robert Bartlett and Sarah Brewster, about 1679 when about 24 years old; issue: Alice Bradford (16801775), William Bradford (bef. 16861730) and Sarah Bradford (abt. 16861718).|
|iii.||son Lt. Thomas Bradford b. in 1657/8 in Plymouth; d. on 1 Oct. 1731 in Windham, Windham County, Connecticut, 73 years old; bur. in Old Windham Cemetery, Windham; m. (1) Ann Raymond, dau. of Joshua Raymond and Elizabeth Smith, about 1681 when about 23 years old (Ann was about seventeen years old); issue: Joshua Bradford (16821735), James Bradford (16891762), Ann Bradford (say 16911735), Jerusha Bradford (16921739) and William Bradford (bap. 1695d. y.); m. (2) Katherine _____.|
|3||iv.||dau. Alice Bradford b. in 1659 in Plymouth.|
|v.||dau. Mercy Bradford b. in Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts; bap. on 2 Sep. 1660 in Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts; d. before 5 April 1720 in Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut; m. Samuel Steele, son of John Steele and Mercy Warner, on 16 Sep. 1680 in Hartford (Samuel was 28 years old); issue: Thomas Steele (16811739), Elizabeth Steele (bap. 16831712), Samuel Steele (16851710), Jerusha Steele (16851712), William Steele (16881713), Abiel Steele (16931769), Daniel Steele (16971788) and Eliphalet Steele (17001773).|
|vi.||dau. Hannah Bradford b. on 9 May 1662 in Plymouth; d. on 28 May 1738 in Windham, 76 years old; m. Joshua Ripley, son of John Ripley and Elizabeth Hobart, on 28 Nov. 1682 in Plymouth when twenty years old (Joshua was 24 years old); issue: Alice Ripley (16831768), Hannah Ripley (16851751), Faith Ripley (16861721), Joshua Ripley (16881773), Margaret Ripley (16901774), Leah Ripley (16931775), Rachel Ripley (16931782), Hezekiah Ripley (16951779), David Ripley (16971781), Irena Ripley (17001727), Ann Ripley (17041747) and Jerusha Ripley (17041792).|
|vii.||dau. Meletiah Bradford b. on 1 Nov. 1664 in Plymouth; d. after 24 April 1739, at least 74 years old; m. (1) John Steele, son of James Steele and Bethia Bishop, about 1689 when about 25 years old (John was about 29 years old); issue: Bethia Steele (abt. 1690bef. 1732), John Steele (abt. 1692betw. 1702 and 1715) and Ebenezer Steele (1695say 1746); m. (2) Ens. Samuel Stevens, son of William Stevens and Mary Meiggs, after 23 June 1702 probably in Killingworth, Middlesex County, Connecticut when at least 37 years old (Ens. Samuel was at least 46 years old); issue: Elizabeth Stevens (abt. 17031744) and William Stevens (17061751).|
|viii.||son Lt. Samuel Bradford b. in July 1667 in Plymouth; d. on 11 April 1714 in Duxbury, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, 46 years old; m. Hannah Rogers, dau. of John Rogers (son of John Rogers and Ann Churchman) and Elizabeth Peabody (dau. of William Peabody and Elizabeth Alden), on 31 July 1689 in Plymouth when about 22 years old (Hannah was twenty years old); issue: Hannah Bradford (16901772), Gershom Bradford (16911757), Perez Bradford (16941746), Elizabeth Bradford (16961777), Jerusha Bradford (16991783), Welthea Bradford (17021755) and Gamaliel Bradford (17041778).|
|ix.||dau. Mary Bradford b. in 1668 probably in Plymouth; d. on 7 May 1720 in Chilmark, Dukes County, Massachusetts, 51 or 52 years old; m. William Hunt, son of Ephraim Hunt and Ebbett Brimsmead, about 1687 when about nineteen years old (William was about 32 years old); issue: Mary Hunt (16881716) and William Hunt (16931769).|
|x.||dau. Sarah Bradford b. in 1671 in Plymouth; d. before 29 Sep. 1712 in Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, at most 41 years old; m. Kenelm Baker, son of Samuel Baker and Eleanor Adams Winslow, about 1687 when about sixteen years old (Kenelm was about 29 years old); issue: Sarah Baker (16881765), Alice Baker (16901715), Eleanor Baker (16921727), Abigail Baker (16931753), Kenelm Baker (16951771), Bethiah Baker (16991741), Keziah Baker (17011790), Samuel Baker (17031793), William Baker (17051785) and Edward Baker (17051781).|
Married second Sarah _____ about 1674 probably in Norwich, New London County, Connecticut when about 50 years old. Sarah _____ d. about 1675 probably in Plymouth; m. (1) Francis Griswold, son of Edward Griswold and Margaret _____, about 1652 (Francis was about 23 years old); issue: Sarah Griswold, Joseph Griswold, Mary Griswold, Hannah Griswold, Deborah Griswold, Lydia Griswold, Samuel Griswold, Margaret Griswold and Lydia Griswold.
Issue of Lt. Gov. William Bradford and Sarah _____:
|xi.||son Lt. Joseph Bradford b. on 18 April 1675 in Plymouth; d. on 16 Jan. 1746/7 in New London, New London County, Connecticut, 71 years old; bur. in Raymond Hill Cemetery, Montville, New London County, Connecticut; m. (1) Anna Fitch, dau. of Rev. James Fitch and Priscilla Mason, on 5 Oct. 1698 in Lebanon, New London County, Connecticut when 23 years old (Anna was 23 years old); issue: Ann Bradford (16991788), Joseph Bradford (17021777), Priscilla Bradford (17021778), Althea Bradford (17041704), Irene Bradford (17041704), Sarah Bradford (17061774), Hannah Bradford (17091749), Elizabeth Bradford (17121808), Althea Bradford (1715) and Irena Bradford (17151761); m. (2) Mary Sherwood, dau. of Capt. Mathew Sherwood and Mary Fitch, on 25 Feb. 1715/6 in New London when 40 years old (Mary was 41 or 42 years old); issue: John Bradford (17171787).|
Married third Mary Wood, dau. of John Wood and Mary Masterson, after March 1675/6 in Plymouth when at least 51 years old. Mary Wood b. about 1643 in Plymouth; d. on 6 Jan. 1714/5 in Plymouth, about 72 years old; m. (1) Rev. John Holmes on 11 Dec. 1661 in Plymouth when about eighteen years old; issue: Joseph Holmes, Mary Holmes and Isaac Holmes.
Issue of Lt. Gov. William Bradford and Mary Wood:
|xii.||son Israel Bradford b. in 1677/8 in Plymouth; d. on 26 March 1760 in Kingston, 82 years old; m. Sarah Bartlett, dau. of Benjamin Bartlett and Ruth Peabody, on 27 Nov. 1701 in Plymouth when 23 years old (Sarah was nineteen years old); issue: Ruth Bradford (17021703), Bathsheba Bradford (17031773), Benjamin Bradford (17051783), Abner Bradford (17071784), Joshua Bradford (17101758), Ichabod Bradford (17131791) and Elisha Bradford (17181801).|
|xiii.||son David Bradford b. say in 1680 probably in Plymouth; d. on 16 March 1729/30 in Kingston, 49 or 50 years old; m. Elizabeth Phinney, dau. of Jonathan Phinney and Joanna Kinnicutt, on 23 Feb. 1713/4 in Plymouth when 33 or 34 years old; issue: Nathaniel Bradford (17151751), Jonathan Bradford (17171742), Lydia Bradford (17191756), Nathan Bradford (17221787) and Lemuel Bradford (17271746).|
|xiv.||son Hezekiah Bradford b. say in 1683 probably in Plymouth; d. on 23 April 1761, 77 or 78 years old; m. Mary Chandler, dau. of Joseph Chandler and Mercy _____, on 21 May 1714 in Plymouth when 30 or 31 years old; issue: Mary Bradford (17171803).|
|xv.||son Ephraim Bradford b. in 1685 in Plymouth; d. before 6 Oct. 1746 in Kingston, at most 61 years old; m. Elizabeth Brewster, dau. of Wrestling Brewster and Mary _____, on 13 Feb. 1709/10 in Plymouth when 24 or 25 years old (Elizabeth was nineteen years old); issue: Deborah Bradford (17121732), _____ Bradford (17141714), Anna Bradford (17151757), _____ Bradford (17161716), Elizabeth Bradford (17171772), Ephraim Bradford (17191741), Abigail Bradford (17201790), Lusanna Bradford (17211805), Elijah Bradford (17231741), _____ Bradford (17241741), Ruth Bradford (17251767), Ezekiel Bradford (17281816), Simon Bradford (17291793) and Wait Bradford (abt. 17301801).|
Notes on Lt. Gov. William Bradford:
William1 was born on 17 June 1624 in Plymouth and inherited a large estate from his father. He lived on the north side of the Jones river in a section known as Stony Brook by Kingston.
William married first Alice Richards shortly after 23 April 1650 in Plymouth. She was born on 16 June 1627 in Pitminster, Somerset, England, daughter of Thomas Richards and Welthian Loring, and baptized there on 7 Zpril 1629. She inherited property from both her parents.
Alice father Thomas2 was baptized on 15 April 1596 in Pitminster. He emigrated to Mattapan (Dorchester), Massachusetts, in 1630 aboard the Mary and John , the first ship to leave in Winthrops fleet3, embarking on 20 March 1630 from Plymouth and arriving on 30 May at Nantasket.4
The Massachusetts Bay Colony
John Winthrop (22 January 1588 Groton, England26 March 1649 Boston, Massachusetts) led the mass migration of the first settlers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. Twelve ships left Southhampton and landed at Naumkeag (Salem). The ships were the Mary and John (the first to leave and arrive), Ambrose, Jewel, Talbot, Mayflower, Whale, William and Francis, Trial, Hopewell, Charles, Arbella (the flagship of Winthrop) and Success (the last to arrive). Many more ships followed. The Company moved its capitol from Salem to Charlestown in July.
The majority of the settlers (60%) came from East Anglia and neighboring counties: Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire and Lincolnshire, plus parts of Bedfordshire and Kent, as shown in the map below. Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were the core of the Puritan migration.5 They brought with them the folkways6 of East Anglia which are still evident in New England today, as well as in other parts of America to which they migrated. By 1660 more than sixty percent of Massachusetts towns named after English communities were named from the eastern counties.
Compared to the rest of England, the Puritan influence was particularly strong in the east. The Yankee Twang derives directly from the seventeenth century Norfolk Whine. The Salt Box and Cape Code styles of architecture were taken from the eastern counties, as was the penchant for baked foods (including the famous baked beans and pies) and conservative dress. The strong orientation towards family and abhorrence of the single state had its roots in East Anglia, as did the attitudes towards religion, witchcraft, respect for elders, sex and the naming and raising of children. East Anglia also provided the predominant settlement pattern of nuclear villages, satellite hamlets and scattered farmsteads, as well as town government by Selectmen and the concept of ordered liberty.
The culture and mores of the eastern counties of England dominated New England life then and (to a great degree) now. Indeed, the past is alive and well in the present, wherever the descendants of the Puritans settled.
Thomas married Welthian about 1618 and had nine children.7 Thomas moved to Weymouth, Massachusetts, in 1636 where he was one of the owners of a mill in 1639 and where he was made a freeman on 13 May 1640. He died between 17 December 1650 when his will was dated and 28 January following when it was probated, in the house of his brother-in-law, Thomas Loring, in Weymouth. Welthians will was dated 3 July 1679 and probated the November following.
Alice Richards and Major William Bradford had ten children, all born in Plymouth.
Alice Richards died on 12 December 1671 in Plymouth, 44 years old, and Major William married second Sarah _____, widow of Francis Griswold, about 1674, probably in Norwich, Connecticut.8 Sarah and Francis had Sarah, Joseph, Mary, Hannah, Deborah, Lydia, Samuel, Margaret and Lydia. Sarah and William had a son born in Plymouth.
In 1675 William was Major and Commander-in-Chief of the Plymouth forces at the Great Swamp Fight during King Philips War, where he was severely wounded but recovered to live another 28 years.
Sarah (_____) Griswold Bradford died about 1675, probably following the birth of her only child, and William married third Mary Wood, widow of Reverend John Holmes, after Mar 1675/6 when she was noted as Mistress Mary Holmes. She was born about 1643 in Plymouth, daughter of John Wood (perhaps Atwood) and Mary Masterson. Mary and John had Joseph, Mary and Isaac. Mary and William had four sons.
William was Assistant and Treasurer of the Colony and Deputy Governor in the periods 168286 and again in 168991. In 1691 he was a member of the Council of Massachusetts and he was a Commissioner of the United Colonies for twelve years. In 16951702 he was Judge of Probate.
William died on 20 February 1703/4 in Plymouth, and was buried next to his father on Burial Hill. His will dated 29 June 1703 and proven 10 March 1703/4 mentions his wife Mary; sons David, Ephraim, Hezekiah, John, Thomas, Samuel and Israel; and daughters Mercy Steel, Hannah Riply [sic], Melatiah Steel, Mary Hunt, Alce [sic] Fitch and Sarah Baker. Wife Mary died on 6 January 1714/5 in Plymouth.
1 Roser, Mayflower Increasings, 23. Hall, Descendants of Governor William Bradford, 4. Collins, Ancestors of Rejoyce Ballance Collins and Constance Dorothy Van Etten Collins, 8. Lainhart and Wakefield, Mayflower Families through Five Generations, Vol. 22: William Bradford, 57.
2 Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of . . . New England, Vol. III, 532535. Also see Spear, Search for the Passengers of the Mary and John, Vol. 17, Part I, 127130, for a provisional ancestry of Thomas Richards.
3 The Governor and the Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England was chartered by King Charles I in March 1629. The original executive power was vested in a Governor, Deputy Governor and eighteen Assistants who were to be elected for a term of one year. The legislature consisted of the foregoing and all of the freemen, and was called the General Court. The judiciary consisted of the Governor and seven or more Assistants. The freemen evolved into Deputies/Representatives and in 1644 the General Court was split into two chambers which ultimately became the Senate and House of Representatives.
4 Banks, The Planters of the Commonwealth, 90. Banks notes that the passengers included Thomas of Pitminster, Somerset, Mrs. Welthian Richards and John, James, Mary, Anne and Alice Richards.
5 Michael Metcalf, who emigrated to Dedham seven years later in 1637, was born in Tatterford, married in Hingham and worked in Norwich, all in Norfolk.
6 Fisher, Albions Seed, Four British Folkways in America, 13205.
7 Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of . . . New England, Vol. III, 532535. According to Savage, the nine children were: Major John Richards (?2 April 1694) married first Elizabeth Hawkins (?1 November 1691) on 3 May 1654 and second Ann Winthrop (?27 June 1704) on 1 September 1692. James Richards (?11 July 1680) married Sarah Gibbons. Samuel Richards. Joseph Richards. Benjamin Richards married Hannah Hudson on 10 October 1661. Mary Richards (?24 June 1659) married Thomas Hinckley of Barnstable on 7 December 1641, later Governor of the Colony. Ann Richards married Ephraim Hunt. Alice Richards (16 June 162712 December 1671) above. Hannah Richards (?10 November 1651).
8 Webber, Major William Bradfords Second Wife: Was She the Widow of Francis Griswold? 245250.
3. Alice Bradford, dau. of Lt. Gov. William Bradford  and Alice Richards. Born in 1659 in Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. Died on 15 March 1745/6 in Canterbury, Windham County, Connecticut, 86 or 87 years old.
Married first Rev. William Adams, son of William Adams (son of William Adams) and Elizabeth Stacey, on 29 March 1680 in Dedham, Norfolk County, Massachusetts when twenty or 21 years old (Rev. William was 29 years old). Rev. William Adams b. on 27 May 1650 in Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts; d. on 17 Aug. 1685 in Dedham, 35 years old; m. (1) Mary Manning, dau. of William Manning (son of William Manning and Susanna _____) and Dorothy _____, on 15 Oct. 1674 in Dedham when 24 years old (Mary was about 22 years old); issue: Mary Adams (1675d. inf.), Rev. Eliphalet Adams (1677) and William Adams (1679d. y.).
Issue of Alice Bradford and Rev. William Adams:
|i.||dau. Elizabeth Adams b. on 23 Feb. 1680/1 in Dedham; d. on 21 Dec. 1766 in New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut, 85 years old; m. (1) Rev. Samuel Whiting, son of Rev. John Whiting (son of Maj. William Whiting and Susanna _____) and Sybil Collins (dau. of Dea. Edward Collins and Martha _____), on 14 Sep. 1696 in Windham, Windham County, Connecticut when fifteen years old (Rev. Samuel was 26 years old); issue: Anne Whiting (16981778), Samuel Whiting (17001718), Elizabeth Whiting (17021730), William Whiting (17041787), Joseph Whiting (17051722), John Whiting (17061786), Sybil Whiting (17081755), Martha Whiting (17101719), Mary Whiting (17121736), Eliphalet Whiting (17151736), Elisha Whiting (17171725), Samuel Whiting (17201803), Joseph Whiting (say 17221725) and Nathan Whiting (17241771); m. (2) Rev. Samuel Niles, son of Nathaniel Niles and Sarah Sand, on 22 Dec. 1737 in Windham when 56 years old (Rev. Samuel was 63 years old).|
|4||ii.||dau. Alice Adams b. on 3 April 1682 in Dedham.|
|iii.||son William Adams b. on 17 Dec. 1683 in Dedham; d. in 1699, fifteen or sixteen years old.|
|iv.||dau. Abiel Adams b. on 15 Dec. 1685 in Dedham; d. on 30 July 1758 in Mansfield, Tolland County, Connecticut, 72 years old; m. (1) Rev. Joseph Metcalf, son of Dea. Jonathan Metcalf (son of Michael Metcalf and Mary Fairbanks) and Hannah Kenrick (dau. of John Kenrick and Anna Satwell), on 3 Sep. 1707 in Falmouth, Barnstable County, Massachusetts when 21 years old (Rev. Joseph was 25 years old); issue: Abigail Metcalf (1708d. y.), Abijah Metcalf (1709d. y.), Abiel Metcalf (17091778), Alice Metcalf (17121740), Hannah Metcalf (17121774), Mary Metcalf (17151781), Elizabeth Metcalf (17171762), Delight Metcalf (1719bef. 1753), Sarah Metcalf (17211779), Sybil Metcalf (17221722) and Azubah Metcalf (17231803); m. (2) Rev. Isaac Chauncey, son of Israel Chauncey and Mary Nichols, after 26 May 1725 when at least 39 years old (Rev. Isaac was at least 54 years old).|
Married second Maj. James Fitch, son of James Fitch and Abigail Whitefield (dau. of Rev. Henry Whitefield), on 8 May 1687 in Norwich, New London County, Connecticut when 27 or 28 years old (Maj. James was 37 years old). Maj. James Fitch b. on 2 Aug. 1649 in Saybrook, Middlesex County, Connecticut; d. on 10 Nov. 1727 in Canterbury, 78 years old; m. (1) Elizabeth Mason in Jan. 1676/7 in Norwich when 27 years old; issue: James Fitch, James Fitch, Jedediah Fitch and Samuel Fitch.
Issue of Alice Bradford and Maj. James Fitch:
|v.||dau. Abigail Fitch b. on 22 Feb. 1687/8 in Norwich; d. on 19 May 1759 in Canterbury, 71 years old; m. Col. John Dyar, son of Dea. Joseph Dyar and Hannah Baxter, on 22 Oct. 1713 in Canterbury when 25 years old (Col. John was 21 years old); issue: Sybil Dyar (17141794), Elijah Dyar (17161793), Abigail Dyar (17181808), James Dyar (17201790), John Dyar (1722), Joseph Dyar (17241781), Sarah Dyar (17271807) and Eleazer Dyar (17291758).|
|vi.||son Ebenezer Fitch b. on 10 Jan. 1689/90 in Norwich; d. on 20 Nov. 1724 in Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut, 34 years old; m. Bridget Brown, dau. of Eleazer Brown and Dinah Spaulding, on 18 Sep. 1712 in Canterbury when 22 years old (Bridget was 27 years old); issue: Alice Fitch (17131796), James Fitch (17151782), Elijah Fitch (17181778), Eleazer Fitch (17201800), Medina Fitch (17221792) and Ebenezer Fitch (1725abt. 1773).|
|vii.||son Daniel Fitch b. in Feb. 1692/3 in Norwich; d. on 3 Aug. 1752 in Canterbury, 59 years old; m. (1) Anna Cook, dau. of Stephen Cook, on 5 March 1718/9 in Killingly, Windham County, Connecticut when 26 years old (Anna was 23 or 24 years old); issue: William Fitch (bap. 1720), James Fitch (1722), Ebenezer Fitch (17241797), John Fitch (17261754), Daniel Fitch (17291740) and Theophilus Fitch (17311781); m. (2) Abigail _____ before 9 Nov. 1744 when at most 51 years old.|
|viii.||dau. Jerusha Fitch b. about 1696 in Canterbury; d. on 19 Feb. 1780 in Windsor, about 84 years old; m. Daniel Bissell, son of Daniel Bissell and Margaret Dewey, on 18 March 1717/8 in Canterbury when about 22 years old (Daniel was 23 years old); issue: Jabez Bissell (17191769), Jerusha Bissell (17211803), Margaret Bissell (17231803), Daniel Bissell (17251814), Lucy Bissell (1786) and Capt. Ebenezer Fitch Bissell (17361814).|
|ix.||dau. Lucy Fitch b. about 1698 in Canterbury; d. after 8 Nov. 1770; m. (1) Lt. Henry Cleveland, son of Josiah Cleveland and Mary Bates, on 19 March 1718/9 in Canterbury when about 21 years old (Lt. Henry was twenty years old); issue: William Cleveland (1719abt. 1791), Nehemiah Cleveland (17211792), Lucy Cleveland (17251794), Jabez Cleveland (17361736) and Jabez Cleveland (17371775); m. (2) _____ _____ after 8 Nov. 1770.|
|x.||son Theophilus Fitch b. about 1701 in Canterbury; d. on 20 July 1751 in Canterbury, about 50 years old; m. (1) Mary Huntington, dau. of Joseph Huntington and Rebeccah Adgate, on 15 Dec. 1731 in Canterbury when about 30 years old (Mary was 24 years old); m. (2) Grace Prentice, dau. of Samuel Prentice and Esther Hammond, on 2 Oct. 1734 in Stonington, New London County, Connecticut when about 33 years old (Grace was 30 years old); issue: Samuel Fitch (1735aft. 1784), Theophilus Fitch (1737betw. 1774 and 1781), Phineas Fitch (17391739), James Fitch (1740), Daniel Fitch (17431743), Mary Fitch (1744) and Sarah Fitch (1748).|
|xi.||son Col. Jabez Fitch b. on 30 Jan. 1702/3 in Canterbury; bap. on 7 June 1703 in Preston, Litchfield County, Connecticut when four months old; d. on 3 Jan. 1784 in Canterbury, 80 years old; m. (1) Lydia Gale, dau. of Abraham Gale and Sarah Fiske, on 29 May 1722 in Canterbury when nineteen years old (Lydia was 22 years old); issue: Jerusha Fitch (17231788), Alice Fitch (17251772), Perez Fitch (17261775), Jabez Fitch (17291806), Lydia Fitch (17341820), Lucy Fitch (17361814), Asahel Fitch (bap. 17381793) and Abigail Fitch (bap. 17411749); m. (2) Elizabeth Spaulding, dau. of Edward Spaulding and Mary Adams, on 14 Jan. 1754 in Canterbury when 50 years old (Elizabeth was 55 years old); m. (3) Rebecca Ainsworth in 1782 when 78 or 79 years old.|
Notes on Alice Bradford:
Alice1 was born about 1659 in Plymouth. She married first Reverend William Adams on 29 March 1680 in Dedham, Massachusetts.
William2 was born on 27 May 1650 in Ipswich, Massachusetts, son of William Adams and Elizabeth Stacey. William graduated from Harvard in 1671 with his Bachelor of Arts degree. It was said he came from thence with the esteem and respect of his teachers, and with a character for integrity, learning and piety that gave promise of future usefulness. He was called to the charge of the church at Dedham in 1671 and was ordained on 3 December 1673, becoming the second Pastor at Dedham. He subsequently received his Master of Arts degree from Harvard.
William married first Mary Manning3 on 15 October 1674 in Dedham. She was the daughter of William Manning of Cambridge, Massachusetts.
William and Mary had three children. Mary died on 24 June 1679 and William married Alice Bradford the following March. William and Alice had four children, all born in Dedham.
William preached the election sermon at the Massachusetts General Court on 27 May 1685 but died on the following 17 August in Dedham, four months before the birth of his last child, Abiel.
Alice Bradford married second Major James Fitch4 on 8 May 1687 in Norwich, Connecticut. He was born on 2 August 1649 in Saybrook, Connecticut, son of Reverend James Fitch and Abigail Whitfield. James was a large landowner and settled in Norwich, but resided in Preston, Plainfield and Canterbury, Windham County, Connecticut. He was an Assistant/Councillor of the Colony in 1681. He was Major of New London in 1696. He was a founder of Canterbury, dug the first cellar there in 1697 and built the first permanent house on a neck of land partly enclosed by a bend in the Quenbaug River. He was very active militarily, leading various military expeditions, naming forts and guarding frontier lands. He had jurisdiction over the Mohegan (Mohican) Indians, their lands and interests.
. . . [His] home on the neck became a rendezvous for land traders, civil and military officials and hordes of idle Indians. Here courts were held, military expeditions organized, and many thousand acres of land were bartered away. Its doorthe only one between Norwich and Woodstockwas always opened to weary travelers. A road was laid from Windham to his home and connected with the Greenwich parth.
James endowed Yale College with 635 acres in Killingly.
Alice and James Fitch had seven children.
James died on 10 November 1727 and Alice died on 15 March 1745/6, both in Canterbury.
1 Roser, Mayflower Increasings, 23. Hall, Descendants of Governor William Bradford, 89. Collins, Ancestors of Rejoyce Ballance Collins and Constance Dorothy Van Etten Collins, 89. Lainhart and Wakefield, Mayflower Families through Five Generations, Vol. 22: William Bradford, 1718.
2 Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of . . . New England, Vol. I, 817.
3 Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of . . . New England, Vol. III, 147148.
4 Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of . . . New England, Vol. II, 168170.
Notes on Rev. William Adams:
Rev. William Adams married first Mary Manning on 15 October 1574 in Dedham. She died there on 24 June 1679. Rev. William married second widow [sic] Alice Bradford on 29 March 1680 in Dedham. He died there on 17 August 1685.1
1 Hanson, Vital Records of Dedham, 222, 340.
4. Alice Adams, dau. of Rev. William Adams and Alice Bradford . Born on 3 April 1682 in Dedham, Norfolk County, Massachusetts. Died on 19 Feb. 1734/5 in Enfield, Hartford County, Connecticut, 52 years old.
Married Rev. Nathaniel Collins, son of Rev. Nathaniel Collins (son of Dea. Edward Collins and Martha _____) and Mary Whiting (dau. of Maj. William Whiting and Susanna _____), on 7 Jan. 1700/1 in Enfield when eighteen years old (Rev. Nathaniel was 23 years old). Rev. Nathaniel Collins b. on 13 June 1677 in Middletown, Middlesex County, Connecticut; d. on 31 Dec. 1756 in Glastonbury, Hartford County, Connecticut, 79 years old; m. (2) Rachel Smith before 22 June 1737 when at most 60 years old.
Issue of Alice Adams and Rev. Nathaniel Collins:
|i.||dau. Mary Collins b. on 15 Nov. 1701 in Enfield; d. on 17 Feb. 1701/2 in Enfield, three months old.|
|5||ii.||dau. Ann Collins b. on 20 Dec. 1702 in Enfield.|
|iii.||son Lt. John Collins b. on 7 Jan. 1704/5 in Enfield; d. on 26 March 1746 possibly in Louisbourg, Nova Scotia, Canada, 41 years old; m. Mary Meacham, dau. of Isaac Meacham and Mary Root, on 22 Aug. 1728 in Enfield when 23 years old (Mary was 22 years old); issue: John Collins (1730), Mary Collins (17321732), Giles Collins (1734), Ariel Collins (1737), Isaac Collins (1741d. y.), Ambrose Collins (1743d. y.) and Elijah Collins (17461747).|
|iv.||dau. Alice Collins b. on 19 Feb. 1706/7 in Enfield; d. on 25 Aug. 1709 in Enfield, two years old.|
|v.||son Lt. Nathaniel Collins b. on 17 Aug. 1709 in Enfield; d. on 5 Dec. 1787 in Enfield, 78 years old; m. Abigail Pease, dau. of James Pease and Hannah Hamm, on 17 July 1735 in Enfield when 25 years old (Abigail was 27 years old); issue: Eliphalet Collins (17351737), Nathaniel Collins (17371748), Abigail Collins (1739), Alice Collins (1741), Jerusha Collins (17431743), Eliphalet Collins (1744), Jerusha Collins (1747), Mary Collins (1748) and John Collins (say 1750).|
|vi.||son Dea. William Collins b. on 24 June 1711 in Enfield; d. on 5 May 1804 in Somers, Tolland County, Connecticut, 92 years old; m. Anne Jones, dau. of Benjamin Jones and Anne _____, on 3 May 1734 in Enfield when 22 years old (Anne was nineteen years old); issue: Anne Collins (1735), William Collins (bap. 17371756), Levi Collins (1739), Abi Collins (1742), Jabez Collins (1744), Joseph Collins (1747) and John Collins (1749).|
|vii.||son Dea. Edward Collins b. on 16 Nov. 1713 in Enfield; d. on 10 Oct. 1796 in Enfield, 82 years old; m. (1) Tabitha Geer, dau. of Shubal Geer and Sarah Abbe, on 19 Feb. 1735/6 in Enfield when 22 years old (Tabitha was 23 years old); issue: Edward Collins (17371743), Elisha Collins (1739d. y.), Ebenezer Collins (1741), Tabitha Collins (17431749), Elihu Collins (17431743) and _____ Collins (1746stillborn); m. (2) Rebecca Hale, dau. of John Hale and Susannah Risley, on 26 March 1747 in Enfield when 33 years old (Rebecca was nineteen or twenty years old); issue: Edward Collins (17481749), Tabitha Collins (1750), Edward Collins (1752d. inf.), Edward Collins (17531796), Rebecca Collins (1755), Alice Collins (17571796), Martha Collins (1759), John Collins (1761), Susanna Collins (1763) and Nathaniel Collins (1766).|
|viii.||dau. Alice Collins b. on 14 March 1715/6 in Enfield; d. after 8 Nov. 1757, at least 41 years old; m. Nathaniel Parsons, son of Sgt. Phillip Parsons and Anna _____, on 15 Jan. 1735/6 in Enfield when nineteen years old (Nathaniel was 25 years old); issue: Nathaniel Parsons (1736), Alice Parsons (1738), Zerviah Parsons (1740), Asa Parsons (1743), Edward Parsons (1745), Ebenezer Parsons (1748), William Parsons (1750), Shubal Parsons (1751/21819) and Lucia Parsons (1755).|
Notes on Alice Adams:
Alice Adams, daughter of Rev. William and Alice Adams, was born on 3 April 1682 in Dedham.1
Alice2 was born on 3 April 1682 in Dedham, Massachusetts. She married Reverend Nathaniel Collins on 7 January 1700/1 in Enfield, Connecticut. He was born on 13 June 1677 in Middletown, Connecticut, son of Reverend Nathaniel Collins and Mary Whiting.
Nathaniel graduated from Harvard in 1697 and was ordained the first pastor of the First Separatist Church (Church of Christ) in Enfield on 3 June 1699 where he served until 1724. He was town clerk in 172935.
Alice died on 19 February 1734/5 in Enfield at the home of her son Edward on London Street. Alice and Nathaniel had eight children, all born in Enfield.
Nathaniel married second Rachel Smith before 22 June 1737 and died on 31 December 1756 in Enfield, also at Edwards home.
1 Hanson, Vital Records of Dedham, 1.
2 Hall, Descendants of Governor William Bradford, 18. Lainhart and Wakefield, Mayflower Families through Five Generations, Vol. 22: William Bradford, 57.
5. Ann Collins, dau. of Rev. Nathaniel Collins and Alice Adams . Born on 20 Dec. 1702 in Enfield, Hartford County, Connecticut. Died on 18 Sep. 1778 in Enfield, 75 years old.
Married Maj. Ephraim Terry, son of Capt. Samuel Terry (son of Sgt. Samuel Terry and Ann Lobdell) and Martha Boardman, on 13 Sep. 1723 in Enfield when twenty years old (Maj. Ephraim was 21 years old). Maj. Ephraim Terry b. on 24 Oct. 1701 in Enfield; d. on 14 Oct. 1783 in Enfield, 81 years old.
Issue of Ann Collins and Maj. Ephraim Terry:
|i.||dau. Mary Terry b. on 1 Jan. 1723/4 in Enfield; d. in 1783 in Enfield, 58 or 59 years old; m. Ebenezer Pease, son of Ebenezer Pease and Mindwell Sexton, on 27 Nov. 1739 in Enfield when fifteen years old (Ebenezer was twenty years old); issue: Azubah Pease (17441817).|
|ii.||son Samuel Terry b. on 18 Oct. 1725 in Enfield; d. on 8 May 1798, 72 years old; m. Mary Kellogg, dau. of Capt. Samuel Kellogg and Rachel Ashley, on 19 March 1748 in Enfield when 22 years old (Mary was seventeen years old).|
|iii.||son Ephraim Terry b. on 3 May 1728 in Enfield; d. on 20 Dec. 1807 in Enfield, 79 years old; m. Martha Olmstead on 30 Dec. 1756 in Enfield when 28 years old (Martha was nineteen years old).|
|iv.||son Maj. Nathaniel Terry b. on 3 June 1730 in Enfield; d. on 20 Feb. 1792 in Enfield, 61 years old; m. Abiah Dwight, dau. of Samuel Dwight (son of Nathaniel Dwight and Mehitable Partridge) and Mary Lyman, on 17 July 1764 in Enfield when 34 years old (Abiah was 32 years old).|
|v.||dau. Ann Terry b. on 17 Aug. 1732 in Enfield; d. on 5 Oct. 1764 in Westfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts, 32 years old; m. Capt. John Kellogg, son of Capt. Samuel Kellogg and Ann Taylor, in 1750 when seventeen or eighteen years old (Capt. John was 22 or 23 years old).|
|vi.||dau. Lucy Terry b. on 22 June 1734 in Enfield; m. _____ Barrett.|
|vii.||son Elijah Terry b. on 4 Aug. 1736 in Enfield; d. on 6 Nov. 1807 in Enfield, 71 years old; m. Sarah Parsons, dau. of Hezekiah Parsons and Anna _____, on 19 Feb. 1762 in Enfield when 25 years old (Sarah was 22 years old).|
|viii.||dau. Alice Terry b. on 29 Aug. 1738 in Enfield; d. on 10 Sep. 1743 in Enfield, five years old.|
|6||ix.||dau. Sybil Terry b. on 8 Aug. 1740 in Enfield.|
|x.||son Capt. Eliphalet Terry b. on 24 Dec. 1742 in Enfield; d. on 2 Nov. 1812 in Enfield, 69 years old; m. Mary Hall, dau. of Daniel Hall and Mary Dwight, on 3 Dec. 1766 in Enfield when 23 years old; issue: Esther Terry (17671850), Simon Terry (17681781), Mary Terry (17701854), Mabel Terry (1773), Eliphalet Terry (17761849), Lucy Terry (17791797), Seth Terry (1781), Abigail Terry (1783) and Roderick Terry (17881849).|
|xi.||dau. Elizabeth Terry b. say in 1744 in Enfield; d. young.|
Notes on Ann Collins:
Ann1 was born on 20 December 1702 in Enfield, Connecticut. She married Major Ephraim Terry on 13 September 1723 in Enfield. He was born there on 24 October 1701, son of Captain Samuel Terry and Martha Boardman. They had eleven children, all born in Enfield.
Ann died on 18 September 1778 and Ephraim died on 14 October 1783, both in Enfield.
Ephraims will was dated 18 August 1772 and proven on 6 October 1787. It mentions his wife Ann; his sons Eliphalet, Samuel, Ephraim, Elijah and Nathaniel; his daughters Mary Pease, Lucy Barrett and Sibbel Chapin; and the children of his deceased daughter Ann Kellog.
1 Hall, Descendants of Governor William Bradford, 65. Goodwin, Genealogical Notes, 222. Lainhart and Wakefield, Mayflower Families through Five Generations, Vol. 22: William Bradford, 213214.
Notes on Maj. Ephraim Terry:
Ephraim was a Tanner in Enfield and Major of the Militia. He was Chairman of the committee to relieve the sufferers from the passage of the Boston Port Bill in 1774. He was Justice of the Peace of Harford County in 1776 and was frequently elected a Representative to the Connecticut General Assembly.
6. Sybil Terry, dau. of Maj. Ephraim Terry and Ann Collins . Born on 8 Aug. 1740 in Enfield, Hartford County, Connecticut. Died on 26 June 1775 in Enfield, 34 years old.
Married Ens. Nathaniel Chapin, son of Nathaniel Chapin (son of Thomas Chapin and Sarah Wright) and Sarah Abbey (dau. of Lt. Thomas Abbey and Mary Pease), on 10 Dec. 1761 in Enfield when 21 years old (Ens. Nathaniel was 22 years old). Ens. Nathaniel Chapin b. on 31 Dec. 1738 in Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts; d. on 11 Feb. 1831 in Enfield, 92 years old; m. (2) Zerviah Parsons, dau. of Nathaniel Parsons (son of Sgt. Phillip Parsons and Anna _____) and Alice Collins (dau. of Rev. Nathaniel Collins and Alice Adams ).
Issue of Sybil Terry and Ens. Nathaniel Chapin:
|i.||son Jabiah Chapin b. on 11 June 1762 in Enfield; d. in infancy.|
|ii.||son Rev. Nathaniel Chapin b. on 11 June 1762 in Enfield; d. on 14 Jan. 1849 in East Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut, 86 years old; m. (1) Cynthia Perkins, dau. of Capt. Daniel Perkins and Rebecca _____, on 1 Jan. 1784 in Enfield when 21 years old (Cynthia was nineteen years old); m. (2) Lovisa Sexton, dau. of Thomas Sexton and Sibyl Foster, on 18 March 1786 when 23 years old (Lovisa was 24 years old).|
|iii.||son Jabez Chapin b. on 6 Nov. 1764 in Enfield; d. on 24 Sep. 1858 in Ohio, 93 years old; m. Lucy Dwight on 16 Oct. 1785 in Enfield when twenty years old (Lucy was twenty years old).|
|iv.||son Simon Chapin b. on 5 Oct. 1766 in Enfield; d. on 18 Dec. 1818 in Enfield, 52 years old; m. Beulah Prior, dau. of Isaac Prior and Beulah _____; issue: Benjamin Chapin (1789), Simon Chapin (1792), Emily Chapin (1794), Harriet Chapin (1796), Horace Chapin (1798), Sibyl Chapin (18011802), Sybil Chapin (18031889/90), Isaac Chapin (1805), Albert Chapin (1807), Edwin Chapin (18081857), John Wesley Chapin (18131814), Rebecca P. Chapin (1815) and Horace Chapin (1815).|
|7||v.||dau. Sybil Chapin b. on 6 Dec. 1768 in Enfield.|
|vi.||dau. Esther Chapin b. on 20 June 1771 in Enfield; d. on 28 Oct. 1847 in Enfield, 76 years old; m. Maj. Moses Allen on 1 Nov. 1789 in Enfield when eighteen years old (Maj. Moses was twenty years old).|
|vii.||dau. Elizabeth Chapin b. in Enfield, Hartford County, Connecticut.|
Notes on Sybil Terry:
Sybil1 was born on 8 August 1740 in Enfield, Connecticut. She married Ensign Nathaniel Chapin on 10 December 1761 in Enfield. He was born on 31 December 1738 in Springfield, Massachusetts, son of Nathaniel Chapin and Sarah Abbey. Sybil died on 26 June 1775 in Enfield at the beginning of the Revolution. They had seven children. Nathaniel served in the Revolution and died on 11 February 1831, also in Enfield.
1 Hall, Descendants of Governor William Bradford, 242243. Chapin, The Chapin Book of Genealogical Data, Vol. I, 148. Lainhart and Wakefield, Mayflower Families through Five Generations, Vol. 22: William Bradford, 214, records Sybils birth.
Notes on Ens. Nathaniel Chapin:
son Nathaniel & Sarah (Abbey) Chapin, of Enfield, Conn., b. Dec. 31, 1738, Springfield, Mass., d. Feb. 11, 1831, Enfield, Conn.
1st m. Dec. 10, 1761, Sybil Terry, dau. Ephraim & Ann (Collins) Terry, of Enfield, Conn., b. Aug. 8 1740, Enfield, Conn., d. June 26, 1775, Enfield, Conn. [7 children.]
2nd m. Zeviah Parsons, b. Oct. 8, 1740, d. Jan. 25, 1822.
Ensign Nathaniel Chapin was in Wadsworths Brigade 1776. Served in New York City and on Long Island; also in battle of White Plains.
Nathaniel served in the Revolution as an Ensign in the 2nd Company, 3rd Battalion, of Wadsworths State Brigade in New York City and Long Island. He was in the Battle of White Plains, on Chatterton Hill, on 28 October 1776, when General Washington outmaneuvered Lord Howe. The Americans, after suffering more than 300 casualties, slipped away to more fortified lines in the north.
1 Chapin, The Chapin Book of Genealogical Data, Vol. I, 148.
7. Sybil Chapin, dau. of Ens. Nathaniel Chapin and Sybil Terry . Born on 6 Dec. 1768 in Enfield, Hartford County, Connecticut. Died on 6 March 1859 in Chardon, Geauga County, Ohio, 90 years old.
Married Thomas Metcalf, son of Sgt. Samuel Metcalf (son of Ebenezer Metcalf and Margaret Rockwood) and Hannah Richardson (dau. of Thomas Richardson and Jane Downing), on 26 Nov. 1788 in Enfield when nineteen years old (Thomas was 24 years old). Thomas Metcalf b. on 9 Aug. 1764 in Oakham, Worcester County, Massachusetts; bap. on 26 Aug. 1764 in Rutland, Worcester County, Massachusetts when seventeen days old; d. on 16 March 1827 in Chardon, 62 years old; bur. in Chardon.
Issue of Sybil Chapin and Thomas Metcalf:
|i.||dau. Sybil Metcalf b. on 19 July 1789 in Enfield; d. in 1873, 83 or 84 years old; m. Samuel Smith on 25 Nov. 1810 in Enfield when 21 years old (Samuel was 23 years old); issue: Samuel Horton Smith (18111865), Maria Smith (18151879), Eliza Smith (18181886), George Kendall Smith, Harriet Smith (18231869) and Comfort Smith (18251891).|
|ii.||son Maj. Horace Metcalf b. on 23 March 1791 in Enfield; d. on 14 Sep. 1829 in Enfield, 38 years old; m. Sybil Chapin, dau. of Simon Chapin (son of Ens. Nathaniel Chapin and Sybil Terry ) and Beulah Prior (dau. of Isaac Prior and Beulah _____), on 4 Aug. 1823 in Enfield when 32 years old (Sybil was twenty years old); issue: Horace Metcalf (1824), James Metcalf (abt. 1826) and Sybil Cordelia Metcalf (abt. 1828).|
|iii.||son Samuel Metcalf b. on 16 Jan. 1793 in Enfield.|
|iv.||dau. Elizabeth Metcalf b. on 27 Jan. 1795 in Enfield; d. on 9 Feb. 1795 in Enfield, thirteen days old.|
|v.||dau. Elizabeth Metcalf b. on 1 Jan. 1796 in Enfield; d. on 4 Aug. 1889 in Buffalo, Erie County, New York, 93 years old; m. Jonathan Chandler.|
|vi.||son Thomas Metcalf b. on 10 Jan. 1798 in Enfield; d. in 1891 in Chardon, 92 or 93 years old; m. Paulina Beard, dau. of Col. Jedediah Beard (son of Amos Beard and Hannah Needham) and Charlotte Nichols, on 15 Nov. 1826 in Chardon when 28 years old (Paulina was seventeen years old); issue: Horace Metcalf (1828), Armstrong Metcalf (1830), Alfred Metcalf (1832), Harriet Metcalf (1834), Lovira Metcalf (1837), Henry H. Metcalf (1839), George Metcalf (1841), Thomas Metcalf (1844), Ellen S. Metcalf (1846), Frank Metcalf (18481882) and Sarah Metcalf (1850).|
|vii.||son Dr. Asa Baldwin Metcalfe b. on 9 March 1800 near Oakland, on Connecticut-Vermont road, Franklin County, Vermont; d. on 5 Nov. 1850 in Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, 50 years old; bur. in Old City Cemetery, Sacramento; m. Barbara Allen Harris, dau. of Capt. William Harris and Barbara Allen, on 6 June 1826 in Portage County, Ohio when 26 years old (Barbara Allen was 25 years old); issue: Ellen Josephine Metcalfe (18271922), George Edward Metcalfe (18291903), Henry Bascom Metcalfe (18311853), Henrietta Metcalfe, William Harris Metcalfe, John Metcalfe, Laura Metcalfe, Emma Zuleika Metcalfe (18401937) and Horace Metcalfe.|
|viii.||son Ebenezer Metcalf b. on 27 Dec. 1801 in Enfield; d. on 7 July 1886 in Chardon, 84 years old; m. (1) Azuba C. Chapin, dau. of George Chapin and Lucy Parsons, on 4 May 1827 in Enfield when 25 years old (Azuba C. was nineteen years old); issue: Eliza Dixon Metcalf (18281835), John Metcalf (18301830) and Henry Ebenezer Metcalf (18311835); m. (2) Louisa Chapin, dau. of George Chapin and Lucy Parsons, on 9 June 1835 in Enfield when 33 years old (Louisa was 21 years old); issue: Eliza Dixon Metcalf (18381872), Charles Henry Metcalf (1840), Isabella L. Metcalf (18421871), Catharine Lovica Metcalf (1845), Theodore F. Metcalf (18501851), Willis Seymour Metcalf (1853) and Louis E. Metcalf (18581862).|
|ix.||dau. Sidney Metcalf b. on 16 March 1804 in Enfield; d. on 9 Feb. 1875 in Chardon, 70 years old; m. (1) Dr. Evert Denton on 14 Aug. 1824 when twenty years old (Dr. Evert was 33 or 34 years old); issue: R. E. Denton and Sybil Denton; m. (2) Jude Converse, son of _____ Converse, on 8 Nov. 1832 when 28 years old; issue: Julius Orrin Converse (1834).|
|x.||dau. Harriet Metcalf b. on 23 Feb. 1806 in Enfield; d. on 9 July 1870 in Auburn, Geauga County, Ohio, 64 years old; m. Dr. Oliver W. Ludlow, son of Francis Ludlow, in Feb. 1827 in Chardon when about 21 years old (Dr. Oliver W. was 27 years old); issue: Marie Antoinette Ludlow (18281888), Linaeus Charles Ludlow (18311902), Benjamin Franklin Ludlow (18331914), Washington Irving Ludlow (18351916), Lycurgus C. Ludlow (18371915), Louisa Maria Ludlow (18421905), Harriet Ella Ludlow (18471888) and Oliver Ellis Ludlow (1849).|
|xi.||son George Metcalf b. on 26 Feb. 1808 in Enfield; m. _____ _____.|
|xii.||son Oren Metcalfe b. on 28 Jan. 1810 in Enfield; d. on 20 Nov. 1895 in Natchez, Adams County, Mississippi, 85 years old; bur. in City Cemetery, Natchez; m. Zuleika Rosalie Lyons, dau. of Dr. Joseph B. Lyons and Aurora Deborah Cox (dau. of Dr. John Coats Cox and Ann Deborah Harper), on 12 April 1838 in Natchez when 28 years old (Zuleika Rosalie was fifteen years old); issue: Joseph Albert Metcalfe (18391840), Cpl. John Thomas Winn Metcalfe CSA (18411863), Pvt. Julius Oren Metcalfe CSA (18431880), Lt. James Bard Metcalfe CSA (18461924), Charles Metcalfe (18481849), William Lyons Metcalfe (1849), John Inge Metcalfe (18531863), Zuleika Rosalie Metcalfe (18551937), Medora Metcalfe (18581867), Anna Metcalfe (18611936), Belle Metcalfe (18641865) and Richard Inge Metcalfe (18661908).|
Notes on Sybil Chapin:
dau. Nathaniel & Sibyl (Terry) Chapin, [Sybil] of Chardon, Ohio, b. Dec. 6, 1768, Enfield, Conn., d. Mch 6, 1859, Chardon, Ohio.
m. Nov. 26, 1788, Enfield, Conn, Thomas Metcalf, b. Aug. 9, 1764, Enfield, d. Mch. 16, 1827/8, Chardon, Ohio. [12 children.]
Mrs. Sybil C. Metcalf was blind and helpless for 20 yrs.
Sybil was enumerated in 1850 in her son Thomas household, 81 years old, born in Connecticut.2 She is not enumerated in 1860 since she died in 1859.
1 Chapin, The Chapin Book of Genealogical Data, Vol. I, 380.
2 1850 U.S. Census Population Schedules, Ohio, Geauga County, Chardon Township, 8 July 1850, pages 476/477 (stamped 239), lines 4142 and 110 respectively, dwelling #81, family #87, Thomas Metcalf. FHC call number 444675, microfilm M-432, roll 682.
Notes on Thomas Metcalf:
Metcalf, Thomas, s. Samuel and _____, Aug. 9, 17__.1
Metcalf, Thomas, s. Samuel, Aug. 26, 1764, bap. C. R.2
1788 . . . Novr 26th were joined together in marriage Mr Thomas Metcalf and Miss Sybil Chapin.3
Thomas Metcalf and Sibbyl Chapin were joined in marriage together Novr 26th 1788.4
Thomas was born on 9 August 1764 in Oakham, Massachusetts.5 He married Sybil Chapin on 26 November 1788 in Enfield, Hartford County, Connecticut. He was living in Enfield in 1790 with his wife and daughter Sybil.6 During 178588 Thomas was active in Enfield in several land transactions.7 Thomas moved to Corinth, Orange County, Vermont, in early March 1800, probably to join his mother and brothers Ebenezer, Samuel and Alpha.8 The move seems to have been temporary and he apparently returned to Enfield by 1801 when son Ebenezer was born.
For many years Thomas was a pilot on rafts on the Connecticut River.9 He ultimately settled in Chardon, Geauga County, Ohio, in 1819, joining his son Thomas and daughters Sybil and Sidney who had arrived in 1817. He died on 16 March 1827 in Chardon. Sybil became blind and helpless about 1839 and died there on 6 March 1859.
Horace Metcalf, Thomas nephew, wrote in 1903:10
Thomas . . . Born August 9th 1764 married Sybil Chapin and acted as pilot for rafts for many years on Connecticut River finally settled in Chardon, Ohio where he raised a large family of children that settled in various parts of the west and south. The youngest of them, Oren, in Natchez, Mississippi. He was living as late as 1888. Martin Metcalf says he [Oren] was a Brigadier General in the Confederate service in the war of the Rebellion [not true, just Sheriff of Natchez] and that he had several sons eminent lawyers in San Francisco, California.
Thomas and Sybil had twelve children (and herein the terminal e is added to the surname of those emigrating to Mississippi), all but Asa born in Enfield, Connecticut.
1 Rice, Vital Records of Oakham, Births, 38.
2 Rice, Vital Records of Rutland, Births, 67.
3 Allen, The History of Enfield, Vol. II, 1503.
4 Allen, The History of Enfield, Vol. II, 1785.
5 DAR, Records of Families of Calif. Pioneers, Vol. 6, 369-372, which notes that he was born in Enfield, Connecticut. It is also a source for the date of Thomas marriage and death and for Sybils birth date, death date and ancestry. The application was by Mrs. Mary McHenry Keith of Berkeley, California, on 26 January 1931.
6 The 1790 Federal Census of Enfield records Thomas, two other males age 16 years or older and three females. Also recorded are Nathaniel Chapin with three females and Nathaniel Chapin, Jr., with one male under 16 years and two females.
7 Deeds of Enfield, Connecticut. On 5 April 1785 Thomas and his brother Ebenezer, of Enfield, purchased land from Isaac Terry for £50. Thomas sold his interest in the property to Ebenezer for £30 on 23 September 1785. He purchased it back on 14 September 1787 for £30. He purchased Ebenezers remaining interest on 25 February 1788 for £50. Thomas purchased a half acre on both sides of Freshwater Brook in Enfield with buildings for £60 on 27 August 1788 from Benjamin Stanley. He sold a forty acre tract to Simeon Meacham for £140 on 5 September 1788, his last transaction noted in Enfield.
8 The 1800 Federal Census of Corinth records Thomas, age 26 to 44, a female age 26 to 44 (his wife), two males under age 10 (Samuel and Thomas), one male age 10 to 15 (Horace), two females under age 10 (Elizabeth and someone else) and a female age 10 to 15 (Sybil). It also records Thomas brother Samuel and his family.
9 Metcalf, A Study of Metcalfs, Andrews & Smith, 342.
10 Metcalf, Metcalf Family Record, 2.
Allen, Francis Olcott, ed., The History of Enfield, Connecticut, Vol. II (Lancaster, Pennsylvania: The Wickersham Printing Co., 1900).
Banks, Charles Edward, The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1989).
Banks, Charles Edward, The Planters of the Commonwealth (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1991).
Chapin, Gilbert Warren, comp., The Chapin Book of Genealogical Data, Vol. I: First Seven Generations (Hartford: Chapin Family Association, 1924).
Collins, Holdridge Ozro, Ancestors of Rejoyce Ballance Collins and Constance Dorothy Van Etten Collins, who Participated in the Civil and Military Affairs of the American Colonies (1910).
Daughters of the American Revolution, Records of Families of Calif. Pioneers, Vol. 6 (no imprint).
Fisher, David Hackett, Albions Seed, Four British Folkways in America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989).
Goodwin, Nathaniel, Genealogical Notes (1856; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1978).
Hall, Ruth Gardiner, comp., Descendants of Governor William Bradford (through the first seven generations) (no place: no publisher, 1951).
Hanson, Robert Brand, ed., Vital Records of Dedham, Massachusetts, 16351845 (Camden, Maine: Picton Press, 1997).
Lainhart, Ann Smith and Robert S. Wakefield, comps., Mayflower Families through Five Generations, Vol. 22: Family of William Bradford (Plymouth: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 2004).
Metcalf, Clayton G., A Study of Metcalfs, Andrews & Smith (Enterprise, Alabama: privately printed, 1979).
Metcalf, Horace, Metcalf Family Record (no place: manuscript, 1903).
Rice, Franklin P., comp., Vital Records of Oakham, Massachusetts, To the End of the Year 1849 (Boston: Stanhope Press, 1905).
Rice, Franklin P., comp., Vital Records of Rutland, Massachusetts, To the End of the Year 1849 (Boston: Stanhope Press, 1905).
Roser, Susan E., Mayflower Increasings (for Three Generations) (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1989).
Savage, James, A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1990).
Savage, James, A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, Vol. II (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1990).
Savage, James, A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, Vol. III (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1990).
Savage, James, A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, Vol. IV (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1990).
Spear, Burton W., Search for the Passengers of the Mary and John, 1630, Vol. 17: West Country Ancestries, 16201643, Part I (Toledo, Ohio: The Mary & John Clearing House, 1992).
Webber, David Jay, Major William Bradfords Second Wife: Was She the Widow of Francis Griswold?, The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. 155 (July 2001).
Weis, Frederick Lewis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700, 7th edition (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1992).